A summary of federal firearm laws

September 26, 2011
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A person who possesses a gun can be charged with a crime if he is disqualified from legally possessing the weapon. The charge can be based on state law where the gun is possessed within the boundaries of a state. Or the charge can be based on federal law whenever the gun travels interstate. Federal […]

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A summary of federal wire fraud

February 9, 2011

The federal statute on wire fraud is Title 18, United States Code, Section 1343. Congress passed the wire fraud statute in 1952 as part of the Communications Act Amendment. The law against mail fraud was already on the books at that point, but Congress wanted to extend the mail fraud provisions to cover new technology. […]

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Overview of the federal grand jury

February 8, 2011
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The purpose of the grand jury is to decide whether criminal charges should be filed against an individual. Grand jurors are selected for duty in much of the same way as jurors who sit on criminal trials. Each juror receives a summons to appear for jury duty and then, after questioning on their impartiality, they […]

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An overview of federal money laundering statutes

February 6, 2011
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The United States government keeps close watch on financial activity both for tax collection purposes and law enforcement. Tracking the flow of cash through small businesses has proven to be a useful tool for federal agents investigating large scale criminal organizations. Money laundering, generally, is the practice of using a business to conceal cash or […]

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Failure to report more than $10,000 cash: felony under federal law

January 16, 2011
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A person who is self-employed would probably always prefer cash payment from customers over credit cards or personal checks. But the self-employed should be wary of federal laws concerning reporting cash payments. Intentional violation of cash reporting laws can result in felony charges. The federal government watches small business closely in a number of ways. […]

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Federal law on obstructing justice: a summary

January 12, 2011
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Obstruction of justice is a felony under federal law. While obstruction of justice is often charged as a state law offense, the matter becomes a federal charge where it involves a federal court proceeding or the federal government. The federal statutes criminalizing obstruction of justice are found in Title 18, United States Code, Chapter 73. […]

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A summary of securities fraud

December 27, 2010
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A federal case for securities fraud typically begins with an investigation by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). The SEC is responsible for regulating financial markets through the enforcement of two federal acts: Securities Act of 1933. This act requires generally that all securities offered for sale must be registered. The seller must provide registration […]

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Probation under the federal sentencing guidelines

December 9, 2010
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The federal sentencing guidelines require a prison sentence in many circumstances. However, on occasion, the guidelines direct the court to sentence the defendant to a term of probation. In cases where probation is available, it is usually because the defendant has no prior convictions or criminal background, and the case was the defendant’s first arrest. […]

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The statute of limitations defense for federal crimes

December 5, 2010
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A criminal charge is like a civil lawsuit in one respect, the time limit for filing against the defendant. The federal statute of limitations that applies to criminal charges says that once 5 years has passed from the commission of the offense, the federal government is barred from filing charges. The federal statute of limitations […]

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A summary of federal perjury laws

December 3, 2010
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If a person testifies falsely after taking the oath, or writes a false statement on a document supported by affidavit, he can be prosecuted for perjury. The act is a criminal offense where the person knew the testimony or statement was false. The states have their own laws on perjury when the offense takes place […]

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